Technik Museum Speyer – Messerschmitt Bf 109G-4 a JG 52 Eagle

A highlight of the Technik Museum Speyer is to be able to see their original Luftwaffe Messerschmitt Bf 109G-4 (Werk Nummer 19310) fighter in wartime livery and markings with its powerful Daimler-Benz DB 605A engine exposed too. It’s a beauty!

1942 JG 52 Luftwaffe Messerschmitt Bf 109G-4 (Werk Nummer 19310) at the Technik Museum Speyer in December 2015
1942 JG 52 Luftwaffe Messerschmitt Bf 109G-4 (Werk Nummer 19310) at the Technik Museum Speyer in December 2015
1942 JG 52 Luftwaffe Messerschmitt Bf 109G-4 (Werk Nummer 19310) at the Technik Museum Speyer in December 2015
1942 JG 52 Luftwaffe Messerschmitt Bf 109G-4 (Werk Nummer 19310) at the Technik Museum Speyer in December 2015
1942 Luftwaffe Messerschmitt Bf 109G-4 (Werk Nummer 19310) at the Technik Museum Speyer in December 2015
1942 Luftwaffe Messerschmitt Bf 109G-4 (Werk Nummer 19310) at the Technik Museum Speyer in December 2015 – I like the wartime setting and the open hatch showing the DB 605A engine
1942 Luftwaffe Messerschmitt Bf 109G-4 (Werk Nummer 19310) at the Technik Museum Speyer in December 2015
Daimler Benz DB 605A engine
1942 Luftwaffe Messerschmitt Bf 109G-4 (Werk Nummer 19310) at the Technik Museum Speyer in December 2015
The Daimler Benz DB 605A powered the Bf 109G-4 to a top speed of 600 km/h

According to the museum 1,242 Bf 109G-4 variants were produced and this is the only remaining complete example, and one of only two original Bf 109’s in Germany that has a combat record. It was built in Vienna Neustadt in 1942 and operated as White 3 with 4./Jagdgeschwader 52 (JG 52 – 52nd Fighter Wing) on the Eastern Front.

JG 52 was the most successful fighter wing of all time reportedly amassing over 10,000 aerial victories flying variants of the Bf 109 during World War Two and included the top three Luftwaffe air aces, Erich Hartmann (352 victories), Gerhard Barkhorn (301 victories) and Günther Rall (275 victories). All three would later serve in the West German Air Force during the Cold War.

1942 Luftwaffe Messerschmitt Bf 109G-4 (Werk Nummer 19310) at the Technik Museum Speyer in December 2015
1942 Messerschmitt Bf 109G-4 White 3 of JG 52 at Technik Museum Speyer in December 2015
1942 Luftwaffe Messerschmitt Bf 109G-4 (Werk Nummer 19310) at the Technik Museum Speyer in December 2015
This Bf 109G-4 ditched in March 1942 and was not recovered until almost 45 years later!
1942 Luftwaffe Messerschmitt Bf 109G-4 (Werk Nummer 19310) at the Technik Museum Speyer in December 2015
Standard armament of the Bf 109G-4 was 1 x 20 mm MG 151/20 Motorkanone firing through the propeller hub and 2 x 7.92 mm MG 17 machine guns mounted above the engine
1942 Luftwaffe Messerschmitt Bf 109G-4 (Werk Nummer 19310) at the Technik Museum Speyer in December 2015
Original fuselage art and inscription – Nesthäkchen = Youngest
1942 Luftwaffe Messerschmitt Bf 109G-4 (Werk Nummer 19310) at the Technik Museum Speyer in December 2015
A great restoration and the only complete Bf 109G-4 at the Technik Museum Speyer in December 2015

On March 20th, 1943 pilot Lieutenant von Koester suffered an engine issue and had to ditch the aircraft. It was not until 1987 that it was recovered and beginning in 1996, the restoration was completed in Italy (a complete restoration with the aid of parts from other aircraft). The restored aircraft was delivered to Speyer in June 2001. Speyer just happened to be a base for JG 52 in 1940.

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